The Rø plantation is a forest area in the north of Bornholm. From the mid-nineteenth century, the central part of Bornholm, formerly covered with heather, was reforested. In addition to the Almindingen forest area, an almost 600 hectare Rø plantation south of Rø was established between 1866 and 1875.
Until the mid-19th century, the area was used by local farmers as pasture for animals. Later, part of this place was divided into farms, and the remaining area was fenced with a stone wall with a length of 10 km and planted with young trees. In particular, Scots pines, firs and larches were sown.
Two rift valleys, Søndre and Nørre Borgedal, cross this picturesque area. They collect water, which later feeds the Bobbeåen River and flows towards Salene. The Nørre Borgedal valley has very steep slopes which makes it a very interesting fissure valley on Bornholm. The substrate is granite, the most common type of rock on the island, with a thin and not very fertile layer of soil above it.