On the west of Bornholm is the port city of Rønne - the island's capital. It is the largest city on Bornholm, with just under 14,000 inhabitants, with about one-third of the island's population.
Many sights, the picturesque old town and beautiful beaches encourage tourists to visit Rønne, which is the pillar of the island. It houses a cinema, theater (founded in 1823), indoor swimming pool, stadium, consulates. The city has the largest and most important port on Bornholm, which is also reached by ferries from Sassnitz, Køge and Ystad. Rønne has the best-developed chain of stores and the largest cultural offer.
The beginnings of the city date back to the 13th century, when Aakirkeby was the island's capital. Rønne received city rights in 1327. In 1512. the Latin School was founded in the city. Rapid development during the Lübeck reign was stopped, after the island was taken over by Sweden.
At the end of the 18th century, Rønne took over the role of the island's main city. During the uprising against the Swedes in 1658, Swedish commander of Bornholm - Johan Printzensköld was shot dead in Rønne.
In 1866 connection to Ystad was launched, the port was soon enlarged and expanded, and in 1880 a lighthouse was erected. At the beginning of the 20th century, construction of the railway began and Ronne was connected by rail with Nexø, and a dozen years later with Allinge. The testimony of the time when the train was running between Rønne and Nexø is the former railway station building, where the Perronen restaurant is now located.
During World War II, German troops were stationed on the island, and Bornholm was to be a strategic point for German warfare, but ultimately these plans failed. To this day, around Dueodde, in the woods by the beach, there are unfinished bunkers. On May 7 and 8, 1945, the city was bombed by Soviet air forces. Most of the buildings were destroyed, but the civilian losses were insignificant (the Russians warned residents with leaflets dropped a few days earlier). After this event, with the help of the Swedes, 225 wooden houses were erected in Rønne, which still exist today. At the end of the 20th century, another modernization of the port took place.
Old port smithy - located by the port, it is a characteristic red half-timbered house with blue gates and shutters. This historic building was built in 1735 as a warehouse for ammunition storage. Today it is opened from time to time and it hosts tourist shows.
Lighthouse - we can see the characteristic white lighthouse from a very distance. It was built in 1880 above the port basin and is a copy of the lighthouse at the port of Ystad in southern Sweden. The lighthouse operated until 1989 and served as a directional light at the port entrance.
Sct. Nicolaus Kirke - Catholic church of St. Nicholas is located on a hill just above the harbor in Rønne. This is one of the first things to see when we sail to Bornholm and head to Rønne. The current church has its appearance since the reconstruction was completed in 1918. It is in the form of a traditional presbytery church with a tower from the west.
Perronen - the former building of the railway station, which now houses a restaurant.
Bornholms Museum - The mission of the Bornholm Museum is to safeguard Bornholm's cultural history, study it and disseminate knowledge. We can learn about the history of the island and its inhabitants since prehistoric times. At the museum building, in the garden there is a shelter from World War II, an extensive exhibition from that time can supplement the knowledge on this subject to all interested.
Small house in Rønne - the 25 square meter house at Vimmelskaftet 11 is the smallest house in Rønne. It has a characteristic blue door, to which small wooden stairs lead, the cottage is part of one of the nicer places in Rønne.
Erichsens Gård - located at Laksegade and it is a perfectly preserved house belonging to the merchant Thomas Erichsen. He lived there with his family. The house has equipment from the nineteenth century and around the house is a small garden in which cultural events are organized in the summer season.
Hjorts Stentøj - is the ceramics museum on Krystalgade Street. It makes clay items that can be bought in the museum shop. By buying an admission ticket at the same time to these three museums you get a discount.
Forvarsmuseum - is a museum where you can see exhibits including from World War II. The museum also has a well-preserved defensive tower from 1679.
Arnager - is a small fishing village that is located on the southern coast of the island of Bornholm, near the airport, a few kilometers east of the capital of the island of Ronne. This is probably the oldest village on Bornholm. Arnager can proudly be called "the place with the longest wooden bridge in Denmark."
HOW TO GET THERE
Nyker - Nyker is a small town northeast of the island's capital, Rønne. The round church Nyker Kirke with 2 floors is the smallest of the four round churches on Bornholm.
HOW TO GET THERE
The village is located around 6 km from Rønne
Rønne - Helligdommen cycle route
Nylars - is another round church on the island located in the town of Nylars in southwest Bornholm near Rønne. Many tourists describe this church, built around 1160, as the most beautiful of the four round churches on Bornholm.
HOW TO GET THERE
Nylars is located around 7km east of Rønne
Rønne - Nexø cycle route