Welcome to this amazing island.
Bornholm is a unique and special part of Denmark. Wonderful landscapes with rocky cliffs typical for the whole of Scandinavia, Mediterranean vegetation, cheerful and open-minded inhabitants and the local dialect are the showcase of this sunny island. Neat and peaceful towns, full of small houses and charming streets, breathe an atmosphere of peace and idyll.
A 140-kilometer long coast with wide sandy beaches and unique rock formations, as well as the atmosphere of peace prevailing everywhere, guarantee a great holiday. The size of the island makes it close to everything, and within half an hour you can reach any of Bornholm's many attractions. But not only beautiful landscapes and nature are the attractions of this island - there are over 235 km of perfect bicycle routes adapted to the needs of families with children and experienced cyclists, as well as picturesque pedestrian paths waiting for the active. The opportunities for rock climbing, golfing, diving in perfect conditions and sea kayaking are a magnet for the adventurous.
This small island with an area of 588 km2 for more than a hundred years has attracted tourists not only with beautiful views and active leisure, but also with its history. Hammershus is waiting for visitors - the largest complex of medieval ruins in Scandinavia, which is located in the northernmost place - Hammeren. Also Jons Kapel - is one of the most visited attractions in Bornholm.
Bornholm is also known for its rich culture and tradition - ubiquitous galleries, museums and local producers have a lot to offer. Bornholm's culinary art is an attraction in its own right, visit the numerous shops selling local products and try the excellent food served in smokehouses and restaurants, tasty beer from the local brewery or wine from the local vineyard, handmade chocolate, organic ice cream and Bornholm tapas.
Art lovers will surely satisfy their thirst by visiting numerous museums, galleries and workshops that promote the art of local artists.
The history of the island is also interesting, not everyone probably knows that the island of Bornholm is associated with interesting legends, unexplained secrets, mysterious facts. One of them says that "when God created Scandinavia, he took the best parts together and threw it into the depths of the Baltic Sea and this is how Bornholm was created".
It is worth visiting the Romanesque rotunda churches, the largest in Scandinavia, the ruins of the medieval Hammershus Castle, whose dramatic fate can be experienced in the modern exhibition center.
The sea excursion from Gudhjem to Christianso, a former sea meringue famous for its historic fortifications, is also highly recommended.
The island lures with its charm all year round. In spring it captivates with yellow fields of rapeseed against the background of the pomegranate sea or with crevice valleys filled with the scent of wild bear's garlic. More and more tourists decide to relax during this period, taking advantage of pre-season prices and enjoying the view of the wonderful nature.
In summer, Bornholm becomes a Mecca for those who crave sun, bathing and relaxing in their own rhythm, free from hustle and bustle. This is favored by beaches with white sand, where everyone will find their own space, undisturbed by the presence of other tourists. Autumn is still warm days and trips to forests full of mushrooms. Walks among the ruins of Hammershus Castle or visit the rotunda churches shrouded in the mystery of the Templar Order. In winter, anglers and lovers of coastal sea fishing appear on the island. It is a period of increased occurrence of sea trout, rainbow trout and salmon. Due to the specific microclimate of the island, the lack of heavy snowfall and mild temperatures favor anglers, and well-equipped holiday homes near the fishing grounds allow you to regenerate before the next, exciting day.
Bornholm has aroused the interest of tourists for over a hundred years, the first - thanks to the opening in 1866 of a regular ferry connection with Copenhagen, were its inhabitants who were captivated by this exotic island. After them, the Germans began to arrive, using ferry connections from Sassnitz, Świnoujście and Kołobrzeg, the latter belonging to Germany at that time. It is estimated that on average over 600,000 tourists visit the island each year.
The superbly developed Bornholm tourist infrastructure, especially friendly for families with children, is able to provide accommodation and meals for all newcomers. There are several dozen hotels and guesthouses of various categories, which in total offer over 9,000 places.
Added to this is private accommodation (about 12,000 places), summer houses and camping sites with a total number of places over 17,000.
The nature of Bornholm is incredibly impressive and contains everything: the dramatic cliffs of northern Bornholm, the mysterious old forest Almindingen in the middle of the island with its charming little lakes and rocks and beautiful beaches on the east coast.
2/3 of the island's surface is granite over 1.4 billion years old, which, heated by the sun, created the island of "Majorca of the North". Holy Rocks (Helligdomsklipperne) gained thanks to the amazing cliffs a picturesque and dangerous setting. Thanks the granite ground island gain the Døndalen waterfall not far from Rø and the charming Paradise Hills (Paradisbakkerne) or the Echo Valley (Ekkodalen) in Almindingen.
Although Bornholm is small, even here there are considerable differences in temperature and amount of precipitation. In the Almindingen forest in the center of the island, the temperature is generally a few degrees lower all year round than on the island's shores, while the average annual rainfall is about 200 ml higher per year than in Rønne, just 15 km away.
In summer, the air temperature on the island can reach over 30 degrees Celsius, while the water - up to 22, the island has been called the "Majorca of the North" and "Sunny Island" by tourists visiting it for several decades. Even figs and mulberries growing on Bornholm also confirm this thesis. Marinated figs are also one of Bornholm’s specialties not available in other regions of Denmark.
Bornholm is not only charming nature, beautiful weather and nice holidays. The island also has deeply rooted cultural traditions.
The best proof of this is the fact that Bornholm is called the "Island of Artists" and the first in the world and first in the Europe island awarded the coveted title of “World Craft Region”. The island's pride is the famous Danish painter Oluf Høst, whose atmospheric paintings can be admired at the Bornholm Art Museum in Rø, and the well-known writer Martin Andersen of Nexø, whose family home has become a museum.
Artistic craft on the island was initiated by the production of so-called Bornholm clocks, their collection can be viewed at the Bornholm Museum in Rønne. Today, the creators of artistic ceramics and artistic glassware as well as textile products maintain numerous traditions here.
In the summer, the island is teeming with music, because many classical, rock and jazz music festivals and concerts take place here; with the participation of leading Danish and foreign musicians.
Geographical location: 15 degrees east longitude 55 degrees latitude northern
Time: in the southern part of Bornholm there is a point of intersection by the meridian designating the length of the geography of the island, and also determining the so-called Central European time (called "Gudhjem time" in Denmark)
Area: 588 sq km
Coastline length: 140 km
Distances: to Sweden (Ystad) 30 km, to Copenhagen 130 km, to Świnoujście: 90 km
Climate: mild, with the largest number of hours of sunshine in Denmark, relatively little rainfall; spring slightly later than in the rest of Denmark, long warm summers, sunny autumn, mild winters
Terrain: lowland, slightly undulating, highest point Rytterknaegten 162 a.s.l.
Population: approx. 45,000, mainly native Bornholmians and immigrants from the rest of Denmark, a small number from Germany, Sweden and Poland
Religion: Protestantism (over 20 varieties), Catholicism (very little)
Language: Danish (along with the local Bornholm dialect)
Major population occupations and sectors of the economy: agriculture, tourism, fisheries, art and more recently - the development of modern machine industry, information technology, education in international cooperation
Administrative division: until 2001 it was the province (the smallest in Denmark), divided into 5 municipalities + Christiansø. Since 2002, an administrative reform has been introduced under the slogan: "One island - one administrative unit", i.e. Bornholm has become one regional municipality (Bornholms Regionskommune). And with the only administrative representative, i.e. The mayor of Bornholm, who is now Mr. Thomas Thors, the former mayor of Rønne (social democracy).
Infrastructure: 2 large ports (plus many smaller ones on the entire coast of the island), airport, hospital, high school, vocational school complex, research center, regional radio station and TV.
Regional cooperation: Bornholm actively cooperates with other countries in the Baltic region in the field of education, tourism and environmental protection. In 2002, an agreement was also signed on regional cooperation within the EuroBaltic region, including with the Kaliningrad District and the Polish Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship. The agreement concerns cooperation in the field of, among others agriculture, science, culture and social affairs.